Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

Animal Research International is an on-line Journal inaugurated in University of Nigeria to meet the growing need for an indigenous and authoritative organ for the dissemination of the results of scientific research into the fauna of Africa and the world at large. Concise contributions on investigations on faunistics, zoogeography, wildlife management, genetics, animal breeding, entomology, parasitology, pest control, ecology, malacology, phytonematology, physiology, histopathology, biochemistry, bioinformatics, microbiology, pharmacy, veterinary medicine, aquaculture, hydrobiology, fisheries biology, nutrition, immunology, pathology, anatomy, morphometrics, biometrics and any other research involving the use of animals are invited for publication. While the main objective is to provide a forum for papers describing the results of original research, review articles are also welcomed. 


Section Policies


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Peer Review Process

Animal Research International maintains the highest standards of peer review while increasing the efficiency of the process. All research articles published in Animal Research International undergo full peer review, key characteristics of which are listed as follows: All research articles are reviewed by at least two suitably qualified experts. All publication decisions are made by the journals’ Editors on the basis of the reviews provided. Members of the Editorial Boards lend insight, advice and guidance to the Editors generally and to assist decision making on specific submissions. Managing Editors and Editorial Assistants provide the administrative support that allows Animal Research International maintain the highest standards of peer review while increasing the efficiency of the process. Managing Editors and Editorial Assistants provide the administrative support that allows Animal Research International to maintain the integrity of peer review while delivering rapid turnaround and maximum efficiency to authors, reviewers and editors alike. Animal Research International additionally benefit through the manuscript referral process from the high-quality peer review conducted by established journals.

Peer review of referred papers: Editors of Animal Research International will decide promptly whether to accept, reject, or request revisions of referred papers based on the reviews and editorial insight of the supporting journals. In addition, Editors will have the option of seeking additional reviews when needed. Authors will be advised when Editors decide further review is needed.

Peer review of novel submissions: Articles submitted directly to Animal Research International will be fully peer-reviewed by at least two appropriately qualified experts in the field selected by the Editor. The Editor will then decide whether to accept, reject or request revisions based on the reviews and comments received. Editors will decide whether each submission reports well-conducted research with conclusions supported by the data presented in the paper. Assessments of priority will not be a factor in decision-making, but all papers must make an incremental or novel addition to the existing literature.


Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.



This journal utilizes the LOCKSS system to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration. More...


Conflict of Interest

What is a Conflict of Interest?

A conflict of interest is anything that interferes with or could reasonably be perceived as interfering with, the full and objective presentation, peer review, editorial decision-making, or publication of research or non-research articles submitted to Animal Research International. Conflict of interests can be financial or non-financial, professional, or personal. Conflict of interests can arise in relationship to an organisation or another person. Declaring all potential Conflict of interests is a requirement at Animal Research International and is integral to the transparent reporting of research. Failure to declare Conflict of interests can result in immediate rejection of a manuscript. If an undisclosed Conflict of interest comes to light after publication, Animal Research International will take action in accordance with Cope guidelines and issue a public notification to the community. 

What to Declare

All potentially Conflict of interests (see below) must be declared if they occurred within 5 years of conducting or preparing for publication, the research under consideration. Interests outside the 5-year time frame must also be declared if they could reasonably be perceived as a conflict according to the definition above.

Financial Conflict of interests

Financial Conflict of interests include but are not limited to: Ownership of stocks or shares, Paid employment or consultancy, Board membership, Patent applications (pending or actual), including individual applications or those belonging to the institution to which the authors are affiliated and from which the authors may benefit, Research grants (from any source, restricted or unrestricted), Travel grants and honoraria for speaking or participation at meetings and Gifts.

Non-financial Conflict of interests

Non-financial conflict of interests include but are not limited to: Acting as an expert witness, Membership in a government or other advisory board, Relationship (paid or unpaid) with organizations and funding bodies including nongovernmental organizations, research institutions, or charities, Membership of lobbying or advocacy organizations, Writing or consulting for an educational company, Personal relationships (i.e. friend, spouse, family member, current or previous mentor, adversary) with individuals involved in the submission or evaluation of a paper, such as authors, reviewers, editors, or members of the editorial board of Animal Research International, Personal convictions (political, religious, ideological, or other) related to a paper's topic that might interfere with an unbiased publication process (at the stage of authorship, peer review, editorial decision-making, or publication), Who Must Declare Conflict of Interests?


At the time of submission, authors must state what conflict of interests is relevant to the submitted research. These may include but are not limited to: Names of all funding sources, Description of funder’s role in the study design; collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; writing of the paper; and/or decision to submit for publication’ Whether they have served or currently serve on the editorial board of the journal to which they are submitting, Whether they have acted as an expert witness in relevant legal proceedings, Whether they have sat or currently sit on a committee for an organization that may benefit from publication of the paper

 Editors and reviewers

Editors (professional or academic, paid or unpaid) and reviewers must declare their own conflict of interests and if necessary disqualify themselves from involvement in the assessment of a manuscript. Common reasons for editors and reviewers to recuse themselves from the peer review process may include but are not limited to: They work at the same institution or organization as an author, currently or recently, They collaborate with an author, currently or recently, They have published with an author during the past 5 years, They have held grants with an author, currently or recently, They have a personal relationship with an author that does not allow them to evaluate the manuscript objectively.


Anyone who comments on published Animal Research International articles must declare all Conflict of interests (financial or non-financial) at the time of posting the comment.

Editorial Actions and Decisions

Animal Research International editors must take all conflict of interests into account during the review process and ensure that any relevant ones are declared in the published article. Animal Research International editors will not publish commissioned or any other non-research articles if they are aware of a conflict of interest that, in their judgment, could introduce bias or a reasonable perception of bias. Animal Research International editors do not consult reviewers who have Conflict of interests that, in the editors' judgment, could interfere with an unbiased review. 



Guidelines for Ethical Conduct in the Care and Use of Nonhuman Animals in Research

Animal Research International adopts the Guidelines for Ethical Conduct in the Care and Use of Nonhuman Animals in Research as prescribed by American Psychological Association (APA). Authors using non-human animals in their experiment must download, read and comply with the regulations for their article to be accepted in ARI.


Guidelines for Ethical Conduct in the Care and Use of Human in Research

  • Animal Research International adopts the Nuremberg Code with regards to the use of Humans for research. Authors using humans must download, read and comply with Nuremberg Code (1947) before their article can be accepted. A summary of this code is given below:
  1. The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential. This means that the person involved should have legal capacity to give consent; should be so situated as to be able to exercise free power of choice, without the intervention of any element of force, fraud, deceit, duress, overreaching, or other ulterior form of constraint or coercion; and should have sufficient knowledge and comprehension of the elements of the subject matter involved as to enable him to make an understanding and enlightened decision. 
  2. This latter element requires that before the acceptance of an affirmative decision by the experimental subject there should be made known to him the nature, duration, and purpose of the experiment; the method and means by which it is to be conducted; all inconveniences and hazards reasonably to be expected; and the effects upon his health or person which may possibly come from his participation in the experiment.
  3. The duty and responsibility for ascertaining the quality of the consent rests upon each individual who initiates, directs, or engages in the experiment. It is a personal duty and responsibility which may not be delegated to another with impunity.
  4. The experiment should be such as to yield fruitful results for the good of society, unprocurable by other methods or means of study, and not random and unnecessary in nature.
  5. The experiment should be so designed and based on the results of animal experimentation and a knowledge of the natural history of the disease or other problem under study that the anticipated results justify the performance of the experiment.
  6. The experiment should be so conducted as to avoid all unnecessary physical and mental suffering and injury.
  7. No experiment should be conducted where there is an a priori reason to believe that death or disabling injury will occur; except, perhaps, in those experiments where the experimental physicians also serve as subjects.
  8. The degree of risk to be taken should never exceed that determined by the humanitarian importance of the problem to be solved by the experiment.
  9. Proper preparations should be made and adequate facilities provided to protect the experimental subject against even remote possibilities of injury, disability or death.
  10. The experiment should be conducted only by scientifically qualified persons. The highest degree of skill and care should be required through all stages of the experiment of those who conduct or engage in the experiment.
  11. During the course of the experiment the human subject should be at liberty to bring the experiment to an end if he has reached the physical or mental state where continuation of the experiment seems to him to be impossible.
  12. During the course of the experiment the scientist in charge must be prepared to terminate the experiment at any stage, if he has probable cause to believe, in the exercise of the good faith, superior skill and careful judgment required of him, that a continuation of the experiment is likely to result in injury, disability, or death to the experimental subject.