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Author Guidelines

Instruction to authors


Global Impact Factor: 0.897

Guide for Authors

Dear Sir/Madam,

Re: Manuscript Number…………………Title:…………………………………………………………………………….


Your above named article has been reviewed by our referee(s). If you carry out all the corrections as directed by the reviewer(s) and implement all the instructions in this guide for authors, then your article may be accepted for publication in Animal Research International.

You are free to disagree with the referee(s). In such a case, give convincing explanations for your disagreement. But, note that unnecessary disagreement may cause undue delays for your paper.

The referee(s) must have made some comments, remarks, questions, etc either directly on your manuscript or on an attached paper. On a separate sheet of paper, state clearly and sequentially (= one after the other) how you have addressed the concerns of the reviewer(s). In doing this, number your responses to correspond with the numbers of the referee's questions or remarks. Additionally, make appropriate references to page, paragraph, line, etc to the comments on the old manuscript and point out how and where page, paragraph, line, etc in the revised manuscript you have addressed the issues raised. As an illustration, you must arrange your responses in this manner.

Referee Comment No.1: On page 2, paragraph 1, line 7 the referee wanted me/us to state the advantages and disadvantages of xyz process.

Reply: I/We have given 6 advantages and 4 disadvantages of xyz method (see revised manuscript page 2 paragraph 2, line 3 to 15.

Referee Comment No.2: The referee suggested how I/We should re-write properly the sentence on page 3 line 7 to 9.

Reply: This sentence has been re-written as suggested (see new manuscript page 4, paragraph 2 line 8 to 9. The same must he done to the comments from the second referee if any.

Re-type your article with computer using a recent version of Microsoft Word (Office 2003 - 2010 or Office XP). Use the spell check option in the computer to ensure that your work is free from spelling errors, etc.

Please, note the following while re-typing your article. Use Tahoma for all pages including tables, figures and references. The Text must be justified. Use single line spacing throughout. Do not leave gaps or blank spaces inside text or between sections. Do not underline any word or sentence throughout your article. Write all Latinized words (such as et al), zoological and botanical names in italics. The top margin should be = 1, bottom margin = 1, right margin = 1, left margin = 1 inch.

The First Page: In formatting the first page of your article, follow the style/design in the model/sample article by (EYO and EZECHIE) attached. Insert all the 5 horizontal lines - exact thickness and position. Note that each line starts on the left margin and ends on the right margin. The topmost line is thicker (6 pt) than the other 4 lines (1 pt). The two lower most lines are about two line spaces apart. Nothing is written in the space between these two lower most lines. You must format/design your first page to be exactly similar to the model/sample article

Title of your article: Use capital (upper case, bold, single line spacing). Use font size =14. Type from left to right margin (select and click centre).

Names and addresses of author(s): Use Tahoma font size 10.  Arrange your names in this format EYO, Joseph Effiong. Note that only the surname is in capital letters. Centre the names. The Institution's address should be typed under the name (s) and centered. In a multi author paper, separate each author's name from the other with and for two authors and with a comma with the last author beginning with and (EYO, Joseph Effiong, INYANG, Nicholas Matthias and OLUAH, Ndubuisi Stanly). In writing your name(s) and address (es), by, &, should not be used.  You must include your phone number, fax number, Email address, etc as part of your address for easy correspondence.

Major Headings: Use Tahoma font size 10. All major headings must be in capital letters and bold. Note that words like ABSTRACT, INTRODUCTION, MATERIALS AND METHODS, RESULTS, DISCUSSION, ACKNOWLEDGEMENT and REFERENCES are headings. Start each heading at the left margin. Leave one line space after each heading and start the sentence on the next line. Do not indent sentences following major heading. Major headings must not be indented.

Sub headings: Use Tahoma font size 10. All sub headings must be in title case and bold. For example (Acceptability Index of Heterotis niloticus Fed Rice Bran). The first letter of the first word where applicable must be capitalized, anyway, the first letter in connecting words such as and, of, from, with, to an, etc should not be capitalized).  After each sub heading, begin the following sentence on the same line. Please, note: Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation are subheadings under DISCUSSION. All subheadings must not be indented.

Abstract: Use Tahoma font size 10. The text of the abstract must be bold, italicized and not in more than one column.  Abstract text must be one paragraph.

Keywords:  This is a sub heading. The word keywords must be written as one word. About 10 words are okay.

References: Use Tahoma font size 10. The word REFERENCES is a major heading. In listing your references do not underline or bold any word or sentence. Use Surname followed by initials in writing names of authors and editors in reference. Use the hanging paragraph style and indent the second line to the 5th letter under the surname of the senior author. For uniformity, all authors must follow the Animal Research International® style of referencing. Ensure that all references cited in text are listed under the REFERENCE and vice versa. After writing one reference, skip a line before writing the next reference. Use one line spacing throughout. Ensure that the references are justified on both margins. Surnames of authors and editors should not be in capital case.

Tables: Use Tahoma font size 10. Single line spacing and must be inserted within the text preferably one page should carry one table, but smaller tables may be inserted two to three on a page. Tables must be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals e.g. Table 1, Table 2, etc. Each table must be referred to in text. Table captions must be in lower case and bold. Notes (if any) given just bellow tables must be in italics. In the table format on Microsoft Word, Table Classic 1 format with the heading row checked should be used. This will produced a table with two top horizontal lines and one bottom line.

Figures: Please, note that graphs, diagrams, maps, photographs, etc. are figures. Use Tahoma font size 10. All figures must be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals e.g. Figure 1, Figure 2, etc. Insert all figures in text. Each figure must be referred to in text. Captions to figures must be in lower case and bold. Do not use the term plate to refer to your photographs. Your figures must be camera ready. Do not produce figures in color but in black and white.

Paragraphs: Please, indent the first word of a new paragraph except for those following the major heading. Do not indent subheadings. Do not skip or leave any line space just above a sub heading or above the first line of a paragraph.

Indentation: All indentations should be about 5 letters. Note that apart from the title with font size = 14, all other texts in the article have font size = 10.

Length of Article: If you follow these instructions carefully, your new manuscript will be roughly half the length of the original article. Your article (Title + Abstract + main text + Figure + Tables, + References, etc) should not exceed 10 pages. If it exceeds 10 pages, you may pay extra for the extra pages.

Send articles only by e-mail: and copy  or  Write the reference number of your article on the lower left corner of the manuscript.

It is hereby reiterated that your manuscript will be returned to you if you fail to comply with any instructions. Each sole author or senior author or corresponding author will be given one free copy of the journal that contains his/her article.            


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

Copyright Policy

 Manuscripts No:                                                               Date:

 To be sent to: The Editor, Animal Research International®

Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology

P. O. Box 3146,University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria.


Declaration of Intension to Publish in Animal Research International

I the corresponding author of the manuscript Prof. /Dr. /Mr /Ms_________________    _____       declare that

1. the author / all co-authors agree to publication of the manuscript even after amendments arising from peer review

2. the author /all co-authors have read the ARI publication ethics and are ready to abide by same.

3. the author / all co-authors agree to the posting of the full text of this work on the web page of the journal and to the inclusion of references in databases accessible on the internet as offered by African Journal Online, Thompson Routers, Zoological Record, CABI, Google Scholar, Global Impact Factor Canada, Research Bible, and other abstracting and indexing organizations.

4. no results of other researcher(s) was used in the submitted manuscript without their consent, proper citation, or acknowledgement of their cooperation or material provided

5. the data/results (or any part of them) used in the manuscript are original and have not been sent for publication to any other journal nor have they already been published (or if so, that the relevant works are cited in this manuscript)

6. submission of the manuscript for publication was completed in accordance with the publishing regulations pertaining to the place of work/funding organization

7. experiments performed comply with current laws and written consent of the Scientific Ethics Committee / National Animal Care Authority

8.  grant holders confirm that they have informed the granting organization/body of the submitted manuscript and they agree to its publication in ARI.

9. there is no conflict of interest between member(s) of the research team, concern organization(s), grantor(s) and the author(s).

10.  All authors agree that editorial correspondence and requests for copies be sent to




Signature and seal of the corresponding author:

Manuscripts will not be published without the declaration of the corresponding author



Privacy Statement

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Author Fees

This journal charges the following author fees.

Article Publication: 20000.00 (NGN)
If this paper is accepted for publication, you will be asked to pay an Article Publication Fee to cover publications costs.

If you do not have funds to pay such fees, you will have an opportunity to waive each fee. We do not want fees to prevent the publication of worthy work.