Uchenna Agatha ONYECHI, Patricia Ann JUDD, Peter Rory ELLIS


The effects of vegetable flour prepared from indigenous plant Afzelia africana, a legume, on the fasting plasma cholesterol and triglyceride levels of rats were investigated. Chemical analysis indicated that Afzelia flour contained significant amount of non-starch polysaccharides (NSP). The flour of Afzelia was incorporated into semi-synthetic diet to provide 10g of dietary fibre which is 300g/kg Afzelia flour. This replaced some of the casein, oil and starch in the control diet .The test and control diets were fed to young Sprague-Dawley rats for 14 days ad libitum. Food intake, weight gain, crude digestibility, faecal fat excretion, fasting plasma cholesterol and triglyceride were evaluated. The result showed a statistically significant difference (p > 0.05) between the control diet and the test diet in food intake, weight gain and energy digestibility. Afzelia fed rats had a significant higher fasting plasma cholesterol and triglyceride levels than rats fed the control diet.

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A Publication of Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria.