STATUS OF FALCIPARUM MALARIA AND ASSOCIATED KNOWLEDGE AMONGST FEBRILE PATIENTS ATTENDING COTTAGE HOSPITAL OGIDI- OLOJE, ILORIN, NORTH CENTRAL NIGERIA

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Keywords: Falciparum malaria, Prevalence, Biomedical data, Associated knowledge, Ogidi-Oloje, Nigeria

Abstract

Malaria is one of the major public health challenges in many tropical developing countries
including Nigeria. Thus, comprehensive epidemiological information on transmission and
distribution of the infection in different localities is a key factor to develop control
strategies. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of malaria and assess
biomedical knowledge and practice about malaria transmission, prevention and control
measures among febrile patients attending Cottage Hospital Ogidi-Oloje, Ilorin between
January and July, 2018. Structured and pre-tested questionnaires (n = 380) and blood films
examinations were used for data collection. All the data were entered and analysed using
SPSS 20.0. The overall falciparum malaria prevalence was 45.8 %. Malaria parasite infection
resulted in signs and symptoms such as fever (33.7 %) headache (31.3 %), Shivering (14.2
%), body/joint pains (8.7 %) and others (0.3 %). On the average, 76.1 % of the subjects
had knowledge and awareness about malaria parasite infections. The prevalence of malaria
parasite infection were significantly associated (p<0.05) with health education, knowledge
about malaria, educational status, and nature of house whereas sex, family size, distance
from health facility, access to media were not. Proper health education is advocated with a
special emphasis on the correct use of insecticide treated nets, adoption of integrated vector
control and seeking early treatment.

Published
2019-01-07