INSECTICIDAL AND ANTI-OVIPOSITIONAL ACTIVITIES OF THE LEAF POWDER OF JATROPHA CURCAS (L.) (EUPHORBIACEAE) AGAINST CALLOSOBRUCHUS MACULATUS (F.) (COLEOPTERA: CHRYSOMELIDAE)

Sinkopere Kenneth OPUBA, Adeyemi Daniel ADETIMEHIN, Beatrice Ngozi ILOBA, Osariyekemwen Osa UYI

Abstract


This study investigated the insecticidal and anti-ovipositional activities of the leaf powder of J. curcas against the cowpea beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus. Five pairs of sexed freshly emerged adults of C. maculatus were exposed to cowpea grains (20 g) treated with different concentrations (0.0, 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0 g) of the leaf powder of J. curcas for 24, 48, 72, 96 and 120 hours after which percentage mortality was calculated. In the same experimental setup, anti-ovipositional activity of the leaf powder of J. curcas was determined by counting the number of eggs on each cowpea grain after 120 hours of mating and oviposition by C. maculatus. Mortality of C. maculatus caused by the leaf powder of J. curcas was high and observed to be independent of the concentrations used, but dependent on the duration of exposure. At all concentrations (excluding the control – 0.0 g), the leaf powder of J. curcas demonstrated significant insecticidal activities (94 – 98 %) against C. maculatus following a 120 hour exposure period. At the lowest concentration (1.0 g), the leaf powder of J. curcas reduced oviposition rate in C. maculatus by 81.04 % after 120 hours of mating and oviposition. In summary, this study suggests the use of the leaf powder of J. curcas as an attractive alternative to conventional insecticides in the control of C. maculatus infestation in Nigeria and elsewhere.


Keywords


Cowpea, Jatropha curcas, Callosobruchus maculatus, Leaf powder, Mortality, Anti-oviposition

Full Text:

PDF

References


ABDOUL, H. Z., HAOUGUI, A., BASSO, A., ADAM, T., HAUBRUGE, E. and VERHEGGEN, J. F. (2014). Insecticidal effect of Jatropha curcas L. seed oil on Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.) and Bruchidius atrolineatus (Pic.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) on stored cowpea seeds (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) in Niger. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 9(32): 2506 – 2510.

ADEBOWALE, K. O. and ADEDIRE, C. O. (2006). Chemical composition and insecticidal properties of the underutilized Jatropha curcas seed oil. African Journal of Biotechnology, 5(10): 901 – 906.

AGABA, T. A. and FAWOLE, B. (2014). Phytochemical constituents of Siam weed (Chromolaena odorata) and African custard apple (Annona senegalensis). International Journal of Food, Agriculture and Veterinary, 6(1): 35 – 42.

AKINKUROLERE, R. O. (2007). Assessment of the insecticidal properties of Anchomanes difformis (P. Beauv.) powder on five beetles on stored produce. Journal of Entomology, 4: 51 – 55.

AL-RAJHY, D. H., ALAHMED, A. M., HUSSEIN, H, I. and KHEIR, S. M. (2003). Acaricidal effects of cardiac glycosides, azadirachtin, and neem oil against the camel tick, Hyalomma dromedaril (Acari: Ixodidae). Pest Management Science, 59(11): 1250 – 1254.

BASHIR, E. M. and EL SHAFIE, A. F. H. (2013). Insecticidal and anti-feedant efficacy of Jatropha oil extract against the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria (Forskal) (Orthoptera: Acrididae). Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America, 4(3): 260 – 267.

BASSEM, F., LARBI, K. M. and HELA, E. F. Q. (2014). Larvicidal efficacy of Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae) leaf and seed aqueous extracts against Culex pipiens L. African Journal of Biotechnology, 13(26): 2641 – 2647.

CHAIEB, I. (2010). Saponins as insecticides: a review. Tunisian Journal of Plant Protection, 5: 39 – 50.

GBAYE, O. A., MILLARD, J. C. and HOLLOWAY, G, J. (2011). Legume type and temperature effects on the toxicity of insecticide to the genus Callosobruchus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Journal of Stored Products Research, 47(1): 8 – 12.

GHOSH, S., AZHAHIANAMBI, P. and YADAW, M. (2007). Upcoming and future strategies of tick control: a review. Journal of Vector Borne Diseases, 44: 79 – 89.

IGBINOSA, O. O., IGBINOSA, E. O. and AIYEGORO, O. A. (2009). Antimicrobial activity and phytochemical screening of stem bark extracts from Jatropha curcas (Linn). African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 3: 058 – 062.

ILEKE, K. D., ODEYEMI, O. O. and ASHAMO, M. O. (2012). Insecticidal activity of Astonia boonei De Wild powder against cowpea bruchid Callosobruchus maculatus F. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in stored cowpea seeds. International Journal Biology, 4(2): 125 – 131.

ILOBA, B. N., ADETIMEHIN, A. D. and UYI, O. O. (2016). High mortality and reduced oviposition: efficacy of the leaf powder of Greenwayodendron suaveolens (Engl. and Diels) Verdc. (Annonaceae) against Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Nigerian Journal of Life Sciences, 6(2): 51 – 59.

JULIET, S., RAVINDRAN, R., RAMANKUTTY, S. A., GOPALAN, A. K. K. and NAIR, S. N. (2012). Jatropha curcas (Linn) leaf extracts - a possible alternative for population control of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) annulatus. Asian Pacific Journal Tropical of Disease, 2: 225 – 229.

KOUNINKI, H., HANCE, T., DJOSSOU, J., NOUDJOU, F., LOGNAY, G., MALAISSSE, F., NGASSOUM, M. N., MAPONGMETSEM, P. M., NGAMA, T. K. and HAUBRUGE, E. (2010). Persistent effect of a preparation of essential oil from Xylopia aethiopia against Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). African Journal of Agricultural Research, 5(14): 1888 – 1891.

LIU, S. Y., SPORER, F., WINK, M., JOURDANE, J., HENNING, R. L. Y. and RUPPEL, A. (1997). Anthraquinones in Rheum palmatum and Rumex dentatus (Polygonaceae), and phorbol esters in Jatropha curcas (Euphorbiaceae) with molluscicidal activity against Schistosoma vector snails Oncomelania, Biomphalaria, and Bulinus. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 2: 179 – 188.

MGBEMENA, I. C., EBE, T. E., EZEA, C. O., IROKANJO, C. E. and OKECHUKWU, R. I. (2016). Phytochemical characterization and insecticidal property of Jatropha plant. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research, 16(3): 38 – 44.

MUSA, A. K. and OLANIRAN, J. O. (2015). Studies on the efficacy of Jatropha curcas L. seed oil on adult mortality and emergence of seed beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Chysomelidae) in cowpea. International Journal of Phytofuels and Allied Sciences, 4(1): 1 – 12.

MUSA, A. K., OYERINDE, A. A. and OWOLABI, F. O. (2009). Evaluation of the efficacy of mixed leaf powders of Vernonia amygdalina L. and Ocimum gratissimum Del. against Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Academic Journal of Entomology, 2(2): 85 – 87.

OBENG-OFORI, D., REICHMUTH, C. H., BEKELE, A. J. and HASSANALI, A. (1997). Biological activity of 1,8 cineole, a major component of essential oil of Ocimum kenyense (Ayobangira) against stored product beetles. Journal of Applied Entomology, 121: 237 – 243.

OFUYA, T. I., ZAKKA, U., UMANA, E. K. and ENYI, N. (2015). Potential synergism of diatomaceous earth and Piper guineense for management of Callosobruchus maculatus in stored cowpea. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 3(6): 366 – 372.

OJO, D. O. and OGUNLEYE, R. F. (2014). Comparative effectiveness of the powders of some underutilized botanicals for the control of Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Advances in Life Science and Technology, 25: 1 – 7.

OLUFUMILAYO, E. A. (2015). Toxicity and repellent activity of Momordica charantia (L.). extracts against the cowpea weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Jordan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 11(3): 649 – 600.

PHILLIPS, R. D., MCWATTERS, K. H., CHINNAN, M. S., HUNG, Y. C., BEUCHAT, L. R., SEFA-DEDEH, S., SAKYI-DAWSON, E., NGODDY, P., NNANYELUGO, D. and ENWERE, J. (2003). Utilization of cowpeas for human food. Field Crops Research, 82: 193 – 213.

RAHMAN, A. and TALUKDER, F. A. (2006). Bioefficacy of some plant derivatives that protect grain against the pulse beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus. Journal of Insect Science, 6(3): 10 – 20.

RATNADASS, A. and WINK, M. (2012). The phorbol ester fraction of Jatropha curcas seed oil: potential and limits for crop protection against insect pests. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 13(12): 16157 – 16171.

ROZMAN, V., KALINOVIC, I. and KORUNIC, Z. (2007). Toxicity of naturally occurring compounds of Limiaceae and Lauraceae to three stored-product insects. Journal of Stored Products Research, 43: 349 – 355.

SABBOUR, M. M. and ABD-EL-RAHEEM, M. A. (2013). Repellent effects of Jatropha curcas, Canola and Jojoba seed oil, against Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) and Callosobruchus chinensis (L.). Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 9(8): 4678 – 4682.

SHARMA, N. (2017). Evaluation of Jatropha curcas as potential biocide and biopesticide. International Journal of Current Research in Biosciences and Plant Biology, 4(6): 92 – 97.

SHARMA, M. and TRIVEDI, P. C. (2002). Screening of leaf extracts of some plants for their nematicidal and fungicidal properties against Meloidogyne incognita and Fusarium oxysporum. Asian Journal of Experimental Sciences, 16: 21 – 28.

SINGH, R. (2011). Evaluation of some plant products for their oviposition deterrent properties against the Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) on Chickpea seeds. Journal of Agricultural Technology 7(5): 1363 – 1367.

SULEIMAN, M., KANKIA, I. H. and SANI, Z. (2014). Efficacy of Euphorbia balsamifera L. and Jatropha curcas L. leaf powders against Callosobruchus maculatus F. (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). European Journal of Zoological Research, 3(3): 15 – 20.

THODEN, T. C., HALLMANN, J. M. and BOPPRE, M. (2009). Effects of plants containing pyrrolizidine alkaloids on the northern root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne hapla. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 123: 27 – 36.

UYI, O. O. and IGBINOBA, O. G. (2016). Repellence and toxicological activity of the root powder of an invasive alien plant, Chromolaena odorata (L.) (Asteraceae) against Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.) (Coleoptera: Chryomelidae). Animal Research International, 13(3): 2510 – 2517.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


A Publication of Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria.